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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In addition, many words have been kiiongo from FrenchPortugueseand English. The constitution of the Democratic Republic of Congo lists Kikongo as one of the national languages. It is the only irregular verb in Kituba.

In fact, it refers to Kikongo ya leta i. The vowels are pronounced as follows:. This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Language articles citing Ethnologue 18 Articles lacking in-text citations from August All articles lacking in-text citations Language articles with old Ethnologue 18 speaker data Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers.

Languages of the Republic of the Congo. It is probable that it is understood by some of the Bakongo people there, especially those who have lived in the Republic of Congo or the Democratic Republic of Congo as refugees or otherwise. The conjugation of the verb kusala to do is presented in the table below.

Dictionnaire français-kikongo ya leta in SearchWorks catalog

Kitubabecause a translation of the constitution itself is written in Kituba but no translation exists in Kikongo. National public radios and televisions in the Democratic Republic of Congo and in the Republic of Congo use Kituba as one of their main languages for evening news. This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations.

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The most common forms are “ila”, indicating action to or toward someone, and “ana”, indicating mutual or reciprocal action:. The bulk of Kituba words come from Kikongo. Kituba has kept by and large the noun classes of ethnic Kikongo with some modifications.

Kituba has subject and object pronouns. Kikongl Learn how and when to remove this template message. First Kituba developed downriver Congoan area which is inhabited by the Bakongo.

Regardless of the genesis, Kituba has established itself in the large towns that were found during the colonial period between and Sadisa “to help”, Sadisana “help one another”, Sadisanaka “helped one another past [7]. In the Republic of Congo it is called Munukutuba kikonyo Kituba.

Most verb forms have long and short versions. All other verbs are conjugated with the help of auxiliary verbs. A national language is also one that is used for public and mass communication. Kituba is the largest language of the Republic of Congo. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations.

One theory claims that it had already evolved at the time of the Kongo Kingdom as a simplified interdialectal trade language, which the European colonists subsequently took into use for regional administration.

Catalog Record: Dictionnaire kikongo-français | Hathi Trust Digital Library

Vowels are never reduced, regardless of stress. The latter means simply “speech”.

There are also other historical names such as KibulamatadiKikwangoIkeleve literally: It is not entirely accurate to call Kituba a creole language as it lacks the distinction between superstrate and substrate influence that is typical of creole development. Retrieved from ” https: Editions LECO, p. It is a creole language [5] based on Kikongoa family of closely related Bantu languages. In the academic circles the language is called Kikongo-Kituba.

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It is not widely available. Kikongo of the state administrationbut it is often called in short Kikongoespecially out dictionnaite the region of ethnic Bakongo people. Lingala is more popular in the north. Kituba has five vowel phonemes: He is not hereand Kizabave but they have largely fallen out of use. They are very similar to the vowels of Spanish and Italian.

Kituba language – Wikipedia

There are several theories on how Kituba came into being. A translation of the New Testament in Kituba was completed and published in The suffix indicating voice is adding after the verb root and before the suffix indicating tense.

The irregular conjugation of the verb dixtionnaire or kuvuanda to be is presented in the table below. This page was last edited on 28 Decemberat The name Kituba is used in the constitution of the Republic of Congo.

Yet another theory emphasizes the construction of the Matadi – Kinshasa railroad at the end of the 19th century, which involved forced labour from West Africalower Congo, and the neighbouring Bandundu region.